In the wild, it is vital for cats and their wild relatives to be able to climb trees or other elevated places. Most of their enemies are not such good climbers, so they are safe from the treetops. Sometimes, however, curiosity or hunting behavior drives a cat up a tree - for example, if it saw a bird or a squirrel in it. She quickly forgets that she has to come down again ...
Climbing trees is easy, not down
The cat claws are built like barbs and can be extended and retracted if necessary. When people climb steep rock faces while mountaineering, they use ice axes or wear spiked shoes to hold on. The cat's claws also work according to this principle. And like human climbing professionals, cats have to climb down the same way they climbed up, head-up. Squirrels or raccoons are different because they have particularly flexible joints on their paws that allow them to turn their feet and climbing aids 180 degrees so that they can scramble upside down and see exactly where they are going. Fur noses do not have this option, so they are initially afraid if they have to climb down with their heads up.
The room tigers first have to learn how the climbing technique works on the way back, because it is instinctively unusual for them not to keep an eye on their direction. This unsettles them, but once they get the hang of it, it's usually no longer a problem for them. Apartment cats that break out and climb trees out of curiosity or fear often don't know how to get back down because they never had to learn it. Little kittens who go on a climbing trip for the first time usually don't dare to go down on their own. It is best for the cat mother to intervene and rescue her little adventurer from the tree or to encourage him to climb down on his own. For example, in the following video, a worried cat mom is unable to get her kitten off the branch, but luckily the kitten finally understands how to get it down, and the whole thing goes well:
Cats on a climbing tour: clever little sports cannons
If cats are stuck in the tree: Call fire brigade?
However, not all cats get off as lightly as the clever kitten. Especially when they are scared and instinctively panicked to the next tree, it is quite possible that a cat will not dare to go down again. However, even the most experienced climbing professional can accidentally get caught in the branches, get stuck somewhere or get injured in the tree. Even then, the fur nose may not come down on its own.
Some people are caught up in the misconception that domestic cats always leave the trees on their own when they get hungry or no longer feel like going on a trip. However, this is only true if the velvet paw has learned how to climb down, if it is not afraid of what to expect on the ground, and if it is not pinched or injured.
You can assume that your cat will not voluntarily stay in the tree top for several days in the wind and weather without food, fresh water and litter box because it is fun. If she just sits in the tree for a few hours and is usually a good climber, you don't need to get help right away. However, if she is still sitting up there at her usual feeding time, you should first try to lure her down. For example, put fragrant, delicious food under the tree and wait and see if she can be attracted to it.
It is important that you do not radiate fear or hectic, otherwise your cat will feel safer in the tree top and certainly will not trust it. You can also put a ladder on the tree for your kitty to make it easier for her to descend. If that doesn't help, call animal protection or the fire department's emergency call. There you describe the situation in detail and you will receive advice and help. If the fur nose really doesn't come out of its predicament alone, the fire brigade or high-altitude rescue service will come and free your pet. Better not try this yourself, otherwise you may injure yourself. The following video shows how difficult a cat rescue is: